New energy investment will reach 5 trillion in the next ten years
It is learned from relevant parties that the new energy plan that has attracted much attention will be finally named as "Development Plan for Emerging Energy Industry". According to reports, the National Energy Administration, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other ministries participated in the drafting of the plan. After several revisions and improvements, the plan has now been approved by the National Development and Reform Commission and submitted to the State Council. Industry insiders believe that after the introduction of the new energy development plan, my country's new energy investment will reach 5 trillion yuan in the next ten years.
According to reports, the key support areas of this plan are concentrated in seven major areas, including wind energy, solar energy, nuclear energy, biomass energy, water energy, clean utilization of coal, and smart grid. In terms of specific implementation paths, development scale and major policy measures, the development and utilization of new energy and the upgrading and transformation of traditional energy have been deployed.
It is understood that the content of the plan is divided into seven parts: basic principles, main goals, independent development, structural adjustment, technological progress, construction of standards and regulations, and industrial investment. The plan points out that the basic principles of the country's development of the new energy industry are the combination of government incentives and market-driven; independent innovation and introduction and digestion; demonstration pilots and overall improvement; overall planning and focus; focus on the present and focus on the long-term Combine.
According to reports, the plan focuses on increasing the proportion of carbon emission reduction and non-fossil energy "two goals". On the one hand, relevant government departments will take effective measures to increase energy conservation, improve the level of clean utilization of traditional energy, and at the same time promote the development of alternative industries and increase the scale of utilization of clean energy such as natural gas. On the other hand, the non-fossil energy industry will also enter a period of development. By accelerating the construction of hydropower and nuclear power projects, and strengthening the conversion and utilization of renewable energy such as wind energy, solar energy, and biomass energy, the optimization and adjustment of the energy structure will be promoted.
According to the plan, it is estimated that by 2020, China's new energy power generation installed capacity will be 290 million kilowatts, accounting for about 17% of the total installed capacity. Among them, the installed capacity of nuclear power will reach 70 million kilowatts, the installed capacity of wind power will reach 150 million kilowatts, the installed capacity of solar power generation will reach 20 million kilowatts, and the installed capacity of biomass power generation will reach 30 million kilowatts.
"In the medium and long term, the development of pollution-free and clean coal power generation technology is the key to realizing a low-carbon economy in China, and the integrated coal gasification combined cycle power generation technology (IG CC) will become the mainstream of coal power generation in the future. "Plan points out.
Jiang Kejun, a researcher at the Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, said, "The development of the new energy industry, an important background construction is the development of smart grids. "According to the plan, the content of the smart grid includes: the strong smart grid is based on the strong grid, supported by the communication information platform, and used intelligent control as the means, including the power generation, transmission, transformation, distribution, and consumption of the power system. It is a modern power grid that is strong, reliable, cost-effective, clean, environmentally friendly, transparent, open, and friendly and interactive.
According to the plan, after the implementation of the new energy industry plan, the over-reliance on coal demand will be greatly alleviated by 2020, which can reduce sulfur dioxide emissions by about 7.8 million tons and carbon dioxide emissions in the year by about 1.2 billion tons. During the planning period, the cumulative direct investment will increase by 5 trillion yuan, the annual output value will increase by 1.5 trillion yuan, and 15 million social jobs will be created.
Liu Hong, an energy industry analyst at CITIC Securities, said: "It is expected that after the introduction of the new energy development plan, my country's new energy investment will increase significantly, and it is expected to reach 4.5 trillion yuan, which will drive the total investment of the whole society to 9 trillion yuan . This amount is much higher than the previously planned 3 trillion yuan. "
" The plan also pointed out that the guiding role of financial funds in stimulating independent innovation of enterprises should be brought into play, and a variety of financial support methods should be adopted to guide enterprises and social forces to increase investment in the new energy industry. "A relevant person from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said.
According to industry expectations, the state will comprehensively use various investment methods such as loan discounts, venture capital, and repayment subsidies to provide key support for technological innovation activities in the new energy industry, guide enterprises to increase investment, and further consolidate enterprises in new energy. The main role in industrial investment; improve the performance evaluation system for the use of financial science and technology funds, strengthen the supervision of the whole process of financial science and technology funds, and maximize the benefits of financial science and technology investment.
"Supporting the development of the new energy industry through government procurement is also one of the ways. "Relevant experts from the Institute of Fiscal Science of the Ministry of Finance said. According to reports, in the future, the government procurement review method may be further improved, new products of the new energy industry will be given preferential treatment, and a government procurement and ordering system that will encourage independent innovation in the new energy industry will be established and improved.
According to reports, in order to ensure investment in the new energy industry, relevant parties will design an industrial financial support plan under the guidance of the plan, that is, form a relatively complete financial support system for the new energy industry at the national level, which includes investment funds. , bank credit, stock market, corporate bonds.